Student Research Abstract: Using Local Activity Encoding for Dynamic Graph Pooling in Stuctural-Dynamic Graphs

. ACM/SIGAPP Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC), Seite 604--609. ACM, (2022)


Graphs have recently become more popular for modeling real-world as well as theoretical problems, and several Machine Learning algorithms for learning on them have developed. For graphs that change over time, however, research is still at an early stage. This article proposes a framework DynHeatmaP that generates a constant-size graph sequence representation of graphs whose structure changes over time (structural-dynamic, SDG) in linear time. The framework uses a representation of additions and deletions of nodes and edges (events) to perform dynamic graph pooling. Our algorithm translates the dynamic changes of the nodes and edges to a heatmap representation of the current node activity, regarding additions and deletions in the neighborhood, respectively. The created activity heatmap is utilized as probabilities of the nodes to be sampled in the subsequent pooling step. In addition, the neighborhood of selected nodes has been sampled such that the ratio of additions and deletions is represented accordingly. The obtained downsampled graph sequence can then be used representatively as input to a GNN for learning on the original stream. Focussing on the active regions in a graph, the fast pooling process can reduce the training time significantly and addresses the problem of unbalanced datasets in real-world applications modeled as sparse graphs.

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