Collaboration and Creativity: The Small World Problem
B. Uzzi, und J. Spiro. American Journal of Sociology111 (2):
Small world networks have received disproportionate notice in diverse
fields because of their suspected effect on system dynamics.
The authors analyzed the small world network of the creative artists
who made Broadway musicals from 1945 to 1989. Using original
arguments, new statistical methods, and tests of construct validity,
they found that the varying “small world” properties of the systemic level
network of these artists affected their creativity in terms of the
financial and artistic performance of the musicals they produced.
The small world network effect was parabolic; performance
increased up to a threshold, after which point the positive effects