Actively Controlling and Redesigning Experiments using the Application Case of Free-Electron Laser Pulse Characterization
Organic Computing -- Doctoral Dissertation Colloquium 2021, kassel university press, (2022)

Experiments are the elective tool for developing new technologies, testing hypotheses, and designing new materials in many scientific fields. Thereby, it is state-of-the-art to create experiments traditionally, starting with a hypothesis leading to the product or relevant data after several experiment cycles. There are some techniques such as automation, parallelization, or inverse design to accelerate experiments. Particularly interesting, however, is the approach to integrate immediate data analysis into the experiment cycle. By analyzing experiment output data on-site using, e.g., neural networks, one can make inferences regarding the experiment's current settings at run-time and furthermore improve them. In the following research project, the goal is to develop and incorporate a data analysis stage into an experimental setup, which can be actively adapted and designed on-site. To demonstrate the developed method, the experimental design of a self-amplification of spontaneous emission pulse characterization experiment at a free-electron laser will be used to show to what extent the experiment can be adapted and optimized.
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