Case-based reasoning
Encyclopedia of Computer Science, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester, UK, 4th Edition, (Juni 2000)

Case-based reasoning(CBR) is an artificial intelligence paradigm for reasoning and learning. Case-based reasoning solves new problems by retrieving stored records of prior problem-solving episodes (cases) and adapting their solutions to fit new circumstances. Each processing episode provides a new case that is stored for future reuse, making learning a natural side-effect of the reasoning process. Case-based reasoning is also studied within cognitive science as a model of human reasoning: studies show that people use recollections of prior problems to guide their reasoning in a wide range of tasks, such as programming, mathematical problem solving, diagnosis, decision making, and design.
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