Principal Components for Automatic Term Hierarchy Building
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String Processing and Information Retrieval (2006)

We show that the singular value decomposition of a term similarity matrix induces a term hierarchy. This decomposition, usedin Latent Semantic Analysis and Principal Component Analysis for text, aims at identifying “conceptsâ€�? that can be used inplace of the terms appearing in the documents. Unlike terms, concepts are by construction uncorrelated and hence are lesssensitive to the particular vocabulary used in documents. In this work, we explore the relation between terms and conceptsand show that for each term there exists a latent subspace dimension for which the term coincides with a concept. By varyingthe number of dimensions, terms similar but more specific than the concept can be identified, leading to a term hierarchy.
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