Zusammenfassung

The recent evolution of the Web, now designated by the term Web 2.0, has seen the appearance of a huge number of resources created and annotated by users. However the annotations consist only in simple tags that are gathered in unstructured sets called folksonomies. The use of more complex languages to annotate resources and to define semantics according to the vision of the Semantic Web, would improve the understanding by machines and programs, like search engines, of what is on the Web. Indeed tags expressivity is very low compared to the representation standards of the Semantic Web, like RDF and OWL. But users appear to be still reluctant to annotate resources with RDF, and it should be recognized that Semantic Web, contrary to Web 2.0, is still not a reality of today’s Web. One way to take advantage of Semantic Web capabilities right now, without waiting for a change of the annotation usages, would be to be able to generate RDF annotations from tags. As a first step toward this direction, this paper presents a tentative to automatically convert a set of tags into a RDF description in the context of photos on Flickr. Such a method exploits some specificity of tags used on Flickr, some basic natural language processing tools and some semantic resources, in order to relate semantically tags describing a given photo and build a pertinent RDF annotation for this photo.

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maala2008conversion
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